What is an enterovirus infection? How to deal with it?
Intervovirus infections are groups of diseases that arise from the introduction of an RNA-containing virus into the body, many of which are pathogenic to humans. Typically, enterovirus is a common intoxication of the body and today it is quite widespread. How can one be protected from infection, and what should I do if the infection still suffered a person?
Causes and Symptoms of Enterovirus Infections
Infecting the enterovirus can be from a sick person or from a carrier that is not sick, but is only a carrier of infection. Most often enteroviruses have children. It is transmitted by the fecal-oral and food way, therefore, it is said that a person was poisoned while eating food. Often infection is due to infected vegetables and fruits that have been badly washed out. Enterovirus falls on the fruit during irrigation with sewage, and then we are on the table. Also, enterovirus can be transmitted through dirty hands by household.
The incubation period lasts from 2 to 7 days. Symptoms are quite diverse. The main ones are:
an increase in body temperature, which can reach 39-40 ° C and last for several days;
In general, we are talking about the symptoms of intoxication of the body, which can be manifested with varying degrees of intensity.
What to do with signs of enterovirus infection?
If the first signs of enterovirus appear, consult a physician. If the condition of a person is very severe, it is a case of severe intoxication and dehydration, it may be necessary to call an ambulance.
Treatment is symptomatic and aimed at the removal of manifestations of intoxication. It does not necessarily require hospitalization, but if there is a manifestation of dehydration, and the patient can not be fed through constant vomiting, it is better not to take risks and go to the hospital. There is also a need for correction of water-electrolyte balance, which is carried out by certain drugs at the appointment of a doctor. If the condition for life is threatening, intensive care and intensive care may be required.
If the assistance is provided timely or incorrectly, the patient may develop complications such as pneumonia, acute respiratory failure, dehydration. There is an enteric meningitis, with it possible brain edema, epileptic seizures, mental disorders, death of the patient.
Prevention of enterovirus
The first prophylaxis of enterovirus infection is compliance with the rules of personal hygiene and sanitary and epidemiological norms for cooking and eating. We must not forget the importance of washing hands with soap, the need for thorough washing of vegetables, fruits, berries before their use, on the thermal processing of food products. It should be accustomed to the purity of their children, to carry out explanatory work in kindergartens and schools.
With regard to more global prophylactics, they include disinfection of sewage, compliance with sanitary control over food in public catering establishments, control over industrial waste and its entry into sewage. All these activities should be carried out at the state, regional and local levels.
Most of all, we must rely on ourselves and prevent the introduction of the virus into the body through unwanted hands or products. There are a lot of envoviruses, some of them are quite safe, others are the cause of severe dangerous diseases. It is therefore better not to take risks and take all possible preventive measures to avoid infection.