Measles: Symptoms and Prevention
What is measles, what are the symptoms of the disease?
Measles is an infectious disease that is caused by the entry of an RNA virus from a genus of morbilliviruses. It is characterized by severe intoxication, fever, specific rash.
Measles is transmitted by airborne droplets from a sick person to a healthy person, people are very susceptible to it.
Measles manifests itself in different ways depending on the period of the disease. During the incubation period, which can last from 2 to 4 weeks, there are no special symptoms.Measles: Symptoms and Prevention. It is characterized by:
general weakness, feeling unwell;
problems with sleep and appetite;
increase in body temperature to 39-40 ° C;
runny nose with purulent discharge;
The catarrhal period lasts 3-5 days, after which the period of rash begins. A measles rash called a maculopapular exanthema, it often coalesces into large spots. First, a rash appears on the head in the hair area and behind the ears, then on the face, neck, top of the chest. Already on the second day after the appearance of the first rash, it covers the arms from above and the entire torso. On the third day, all the arms and legs are already covered with eruptions, and they turn pale on the face. This period is characterized by the following symptoms:
severe runny nose, cough;
The last stage is the period of pigmentation, when the patient becomes better. The temperature decreases, the rash turns pale and turns into light brown spots. Pigmentation disappears in 5-7 days, after which the skin in its place peels off. You can talk about the beginning of recovery, but it should be borne in mind that after measles the body is very long restored. He is weakened for a few more months, and a person in this period is more often sick with other infectious diseases.
Complications of measles
Because measles causes the virus, the treatment of the disease is purely symptomatic. The patient is recommended bed rest, heavy drinking, drugs to reduce body temperature, to eliminate itching. If measles has led to bacterial complications, then the doctor prescribes antibiotics. It is very important to limit the contact of the patient with others, because measles is extremely contagious.
Measles is not a common viral infection, it is dangerous for its serious complications. It is not only laryngitis, otitis media, bronchitis, but also pneumonia, hepatitis, measles encephalitis and other lesions of the respiratory and central nervous system. These complications can die, so measles is so dangerous.
How to protect yourself from measles?
The best way to prevent measles is timely vaccination. It is carried out twice: in 1 year and in 6 years. There is no other way to protect yourself from measles, so you should not risk your health and the health of your children.
This year, Ukraine has seen the largest measles outbreak in many years. And this is not surprising, given the critically low level of vaccination against all diseases, not only against measles, in our country. Until this situation changes, all we have to do is wait for new outbreaks of new diseases. Be sensible, instill yourself and your children.