Food Poisoning: Symptoms and First Aid
Food poisoning is an acute condition that is usually accompanied by digestive disorders. Often, its cause is the introduction into the body of pathogenic microorganisms, along with low-quality or overdue food, or stored or prepared in violation of existing norms.
It is during the holidays that there is a lot of food poisoning, because people eat a lot, make large purchases in stores, often visit catering establishments. And the chance to eat something is wrong is increasing. Therefore, you need to know the main symptoms of food poisoning and understand how to deal with it.
Symptoms of food poisoning
The first signs of food poisoning can make themselves felt half an hour after consuming low-quality food, but most often they appear after 4-6 hours, sometimes – in a day. Typical symptoms of food poisoning include:
Diarrhea. Chalky masses at the same time watery, have a very bad smell, they can see undigested residues of food.
General strong weakness.
Increase in body temperature.
Pain and cramps in the stomach.
Bloating, increased flatulence.
Often poisoning is caused by low-quality milk and dairy products, cakes and pastries with cream, pastas, eggs, boiled sausage, fried salads, dressed with mayonnaise and sour cream.
First aid for food poisoning
Of course, with the first signs of poisoning it is better to consult a doctor. If there is no such possibility, the patient should wash the stomach. For this you need to drink up to 8-10 liters of warm fluid, in several methods, causing vomiting between them by pressing the fingers on the root of the tongue. The procedure is repeated until the water in the vomit is clean, it will mean that the stomach is already empty.
After washing the stomach, you need to drink a sorbent, for example, activated charcoal.
Very important for the patient is bed rest and rest, he will be exhausted, he can sleep a lot.
To prevent dehydration of the body through vomiting and diarrhea, the patient needs to drink a lot. Ideal for this purpose are special saline solutions that are sold at the pharmacy. They restore lost fluid and acid-base balance. If there is no such solution, you can drink ordinary warm water.
In the first day after poisoning, it’s better not to eat anything, then start to eat slowly, but with dietary dishes, avoiding marinated, sharp, salty, smoked foods that irritate the mucous membrane of the stomach. Spirited drinks are also banned.
When should a doctor be sure?
There are extremely serious food poisonings that pose a real danger to human life. For example, many people die from botulism, which occurs due to poisoning with dried fish or low-quality canned food. Therefore, there are situations when the doctor should be sure, namely:
In humans, along with digestive disorders, there is such a symptom as severe headache, as well as pain in the kidney, liver and other organs.
Patient has high fever and breathlessness.
It is probable that poisoning has occurred due to the use of mushrooms, dried fish or canned goods.
For 2 days, vomiting and diarrhea remain, which is dangerous due to dehydration.
Symptoms of poisoning are stored for several days in a row and even intensified.
A person loses his sight (this is a sign of botulism).
Poisoned a small child.
To save yourself from food poisoning, you need to eat in proven places of catering, buy quality products, keep them properly and cook. Be careful about food safety.