Tuberculosis: why everyone has a risk of getting sick
Tuberculosis has long ceased to be a disease of disadvantaged people - the homeless or drug addicts. Ukraine has declared an epidemic of tuberculosis since 1995, and to this day…

Continue reading →

Who are Giardia: how to prevent infection
If practically every one of us knows about helminths (worms), then such parasites as Giardia are less known. Giardia are unicellular simple organisms that, when released into the human body,…

Continue reading →

Ultrasound examination of pregnant women: why, at what time and for what?
Ultrasound for the future mother is not only an opportunity to “get acquainted” with your baby before his birth and to know the sex of the child. Ultrasound examination is…

Continue reading →

What Is Meningococcal Infection? Why is she so dangerous?

Meningococcal disease is potentially fatal, the illness that it provokes is considered in medicine as an emergency. For example, it causes the bacterial form of meningitis, as well as a number of other extremely dangerous diseases.
What should I know about meningococcal infection?
Meningococcal infection has been known since ancient times. About it is mentioned in vIIst. BC, and the first more or less detailed description was given in the middle of the XVII century. This is a bacterium that is transmitted by airborne droplets from person to person. The infection can spread from the throat through the flow of blood to the human brain, which is most dangerous. A person can be a carrier of meningococcal infection, not guessing about it, and infect others while staying healthy.

The most terrible meningococcal infection is for children under 5 years of age, as they are not able to effectively produce immunity against it. That is why 80% of patients with ailments that provoke this bacterium are small children.

Meningococcal infection can cause the following diseases:
nasopharyngitis, which manifests itself in the form of a cold;
meningitis – inflammation of the membranes of the brain;
meningococcal sepsis when the bacterium penetrates blood;
pneumonia – inflammation of the lungs;
endocarditis – inflammation of the inner lining of the heart;
arthritis – inflammation of the joints;
iridocyclitis – inflammation of the iris of the eye.
Meningococcal meningitis begins as a common cold, then symptoms such as severe headache, rigors of the cervical and other muscles, loss of consciousness, photophobia, vomiting, and fever. Also, there are internal bleeding that manifests itself in specific rashes on the body. Severe intoxication often results in disturbance of cardiovascular activity, respiration and death. There are lightning-fast forms of meningitis, when the disease develops so quickly that the patient does not have time to save. Meningococcal sepsis is also a severe, deadly disease.

Especially striking symptom of the presence of meningococcal infection in the body is the rash that appears at the end of the 1st – at the beginning of the 2nd day of the disease. They disappear when pushed, spread throughout the body. Then the character of the rash varies: they get reddish-red with a bluish tint, do not disappear when pushed, localized mainly on the buttocks, hips, legs and feet.
Treatment and complications
The slightest suspicion of meningococcal infection requires immediate treatment for medical assistance and hospitalization. The minimum loss of time can become fatal. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient takes a cerebrovascular puncture. If the presence of this infection in the body is confirmed, the patient urgently begin treatment with antibiotics.

In the absence of treatment, meningococcal infection in 50% of cases causes death of the patient. But even with early diagnosis and initiation of treatment, about 16% of patients die in 1-2 days after the onset of the first symptoms. From 10 to 20% of surviving patients, they get complications in the form of brain damage, hearing loss, mental retardation.
How to protect against meningococcal infection?
The only effective preventive measure to prevent meningococcal infection today is vaccination. The vaccine’s effectiveness reaches about 90%, the immunity is maintained for 3-5 years. It is recommended that children younger than 5 years old be identified as the most vulnerable to this infection. In Ukraine, this vaccine is not included in the number of obligatory, but parents at their own expense can vaccinate the child, the vaccine is in pharmacies.

Inflammation of the ovaries: how to protect yourself from adnexitis
The inflammatory process that affects the fallopian tubes and ovaries is called adnexitis. Gynecologists note that the disease is quite common and more and more young women seek help with…

...

Rabies: sources of infection, symptoms and prognosis
Rabies is a deadly disease that in almost 100% of cases is fatal (there are only a few cases of recovery from it and it has not been fully confirmed…

...

Whooping cough: what is this disease and how to avoid it
Whooping cough is an infectious disease in which the upper respiratory tract becomes inflamed and there is a strong, long-lasting, paroxysmal cough. The disease is usually acute, it is extremely…

...

How to deal with dry skin in winter: advice from dermatologists
In winter, our skin becomes dry and requires increased attention. Frost, low air temperature, humidity, lack of vitamins, etc. affect any type of skin. People with dry and sensitive skin…

...