Tuberculosis: why everyone has a risk of getting sick
Tuberculosis has long ceased to be a disease of disadvantaged people – the homeless or drug addicts. Ukraine has declared an epidemic of tuberculosis since 1995, and to this day it is said that there is no threat to our health, doctors cannot. Every year, on March 24, World Tuberculosis Day is held around the world. Doctors, volunteers and public organizations attract the attention of the population in order to raise awareness of how destructive tuberculosis is.
Why are some people sick with tuberculosis, while others are not?
Tuberculosis is caused by the Koch wand (Mycobacterium tuberculosis), discovered in 1882 by Robert Koch, who received the Nobel Prize for this discovery. One can become infected withTuberculosis: why everyone has a risk of getting sick droplets: bacteria spread from a sick person to a healthy person when they cough, sneeze, or come into direct contact (through mucous membranes). It is also possible the penetration of bacteria into the body with food, infection of the fetus from the mother during pregnancy in utero.
More than 90% of cases of tuberculosis affect the lungs, other internal organs such as the kidneys, eyes, etc. can also be affected. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), about a quarter of the population are carriers of latent tuberculosis. That is, a person is infected with Koch’s wand, but is not dangerous to others and does not get sick himself. But it can get sick under certain conditions:
Irrational and inadequate nutrition, poor living conditions
Already existing chronic diseases
that is, in all conditions, when the body’s defenses are reduced and the immunity fails.
How tuberculosis is manifested: symptoms of the disease
At the beginning of the disease, tuberculosis can be confused with a cold or ARVI. A person feels weak, weakened, can shiver in the evenings, and excessive sweating appears at night. Initially, the body temperature can rise from 37, 2 to 38 degrees, and to stay for a month, a dry cough appears. A person ill with tuberculosis looks rather pale; with the progression of the disease, the cough from the dry becomes wet, and the sputum begins to separate.
If tuberculosis is not diagnosed or treated in time, a cavity (cavity) forms in the lung, the disease becomes open and the person can infect others. Therefore, any cough that lasts more than 3 weeks, requires an appeal to the doctor and examination. Diagnose tuberculosis using pulmonary fluorography (or computed tomography). A sputum sample is also taken for analysis to confirm or exclude the presence of the causative agent.
Treatment and prevention of tuberculosis
Self-cure tuberculosis is impossible. Especially dangerous form of tuberculosis, resistant to therapy: this type of disease requires specific medical drugs. Diagnosis of tuberculosis at an early stage can cure the disease inpatient for a period of about 3 months, the rest of the time the treatment is outpatient, a person comes to the clinic for procedures. The treatment is engaged in a TB doctor. The more neglected is tuberculosis, the longer it will take to be treated in a hospital and the longer the rehabilitation process.
In connection with the epidemic of tuberculosis in Ukraine, vaccination against tuberculosis (BCG) is mandatory, which is carried out for the first time to a newborn for 3-4 days after birth. Then, for the purpose of diagnosing tuberculosis, a Mantoux test is performed on children. Ac 15 years – chest X-ray annually.
It is important to take care of your health, lifestyle, eat fully, strengthen the immune system, play sports and find healthy methods of getting rid of stress – traveling, walking, swimming, massage, yoga, etc.