How to deal with dry skin in winter: advice from dermatologists
In winter, our skin becomes dry and requires increased attention. Frost, low air temperature, humidity, lack of vitamins, etc. affect any type of skin. People with dry and sensitive skin are especially affected in winter, feeling its excessive dryness, tightness, peeling and irritation.
Why the skin becomes problematic in the winter
Most often in winter, the skin begins to dry and becomes rough. This is caused by the fact that the natural barrier film that protects the skin from aggressive environmental influences is disturbed. This film consists of sebum, sweat and moisture produced. Not only low temperatures, humidity of air and cold wind, and also wrong care of a skin break a natural film.
In winter, we often get sick with colds, eat junk food, lack vitamins and microelements. All this also affects the condition of the skin, further destroying its protective natural barrier. If the skin does not help, then it is quickly dehydrated, losing moisture. Also, dead skin cells of the epidermis accumulate on the surface of the skin, with excessive dryness of the skin, the risk of cracking increases: microbes can get microbes and cause inflammation.
What negative skin damage factors are important to avoid
If excessive dryness of the skin worries you all year round, and not only in winter, then a dermatologist will help you to find the real cause of the problem and choose individual skin care products. Also in winter, it is important to avoid a number of factors and situations that lead to additional skin problems, such as:
Improper care – for example, the use of products for oily skin, if you have dry skin, rough skin cleansing, etc.
Non-compliance with basic hygiene
Washing with too hot water, excessive scrubbing, using coarse towels, etc.
Habit of using household chemicals (when washing dishes, etc.) without gloves or applying protective agents on the skin of hands
Poor-quality clothing: tight shoes, synthetic underwear, over-sized hats, gloves, etc. interfere with heat transfer and cause skin irritation in various parts of the body.
How to help the skin on their own
Remember that skin care should be according to its type. But in the winter, any type of skin requires gentle cleansing when returning home and applying protective agents before going out. So, it is better to clean the skin with thermal water or tonic, rather than alcohol-containing lotions. In the morning it is better not to use foams or gels for washing, which destroy the natural protective layer of the skin. It is better to use such means before bedtime so that the film on the face recovers during the night. In the morning, you can simply wash the decoction of chamomile or rub your face with a tonic.
Moisturizers should be applied in the evening, when you no longer plan to go out. In the morning, apply a nourishing cream or oil, and then a protective agent. Remember that the skin of hands, feet, elbows also needs careful attention. In winter, the skin on the legs dries very often, so cosmetologists recommend oiling warming massages. It is important to observe the drinking regime and in the winter time – this is not only vitamin teas, but also clean drinking water. Try to minimize the use of hair dryers, hand dryers, and bad habits, especially smoking.