Heart valve failure: how to suspect pathology?
Headaches, fatigue for no apparent reason may indicate heart disease. One of such often diagnosed pathologies of the heart is prolapse, in other words, insufficiency of the mitral valve, which can be asymptomatic. A person can live for years and not suspect that one of the valves of his heart has a defect. This pathology is detected during examinations of the heart; it does not pose a threat to human health and life in most cases.However, in some situations, insufficiency of the mitral valve of the heart requires treatment and observation by a cardiologist.
What happens when mitral valve insufficiency
This valvular defect of the heart is most often congenital and is found as early as childhood when performing heart ultrasound or echocardiography. This cardiac pathology is characterized by bulging or sagging of the leaf (or both wings) in the left atrioventricular valve, due to which the valve does not fully close when the heart is working.
It is difficult for a person far from medicine to understand the anatomical features of the heart, it is important for him to know how dangerous this condition is for his health and what to do. This defect of the heart in most cases is not dangerous and does not require special treatment. But it is important for the cardiologist to assess the degree of impairment of the heart muscle in detecting mitral valve prolapse in order to determine the presence or absence of indications for treatment. If this pathology is accompanied by a number of symptoms, including pain, then this condition is dangerous to health and requires treatment.
What symptoms will indicate heart pathology
Failure of the mitral heart valve can be caused not only by congenital changes in the tissues of the heart. But also to develop against the background of endocrine pathologies, rheumatism, chest injuries and already existing diseases of the cardiovascular system. In a future baby, mitral valve prolapse can develop due to infectious diseases, poor ecology, work in hazardous production, etc., transferred by the mother during pregnancy.
This cardiac pathology may be asymptomatic, and may manifest as dizziness, shortness of breath, pain in the region of the heart, fatigue, headaches, palpitations. However, symptoms can also appear in a number of other diseases, so only a specialist can make an accurate diagnosis.
If the diagnosis is made, what is the prognosis?
With congenital mitral valve prolapse, which is asymptomatic, does not require special treatment, a person can play sports and live a full life. But each case is individual, so the cardiologist may recommend physiotherapy, psychological help, because a depressive state may arise on the background of the pathologies of the heart. In case of mitral valve prolapse, it is important to monitor the normalization of work and rest, not to overwork, dispense exercise, etc. It is also recommended for such people to be dispensary to be seen by a cardiologist.
If the symptom is pronounced, the specialist prescribes therapy aimed at reducing autonomic disorders, preventing the development of cardiac muscle degeneration and infectious inflammatory processes in the heart. If the development of heart failure progresses, the doctor raises the question of prosthetic heart valve. For the prevention of mitral valve prolapse, it is important to timely detect and treat infectious diseases.