Is it necessary to treat herpes: the effect of infection on the human body
How dangerous is herpes, because most people consider it a normal fever on the lips. This infection is very common: 95% of adults and about 50% of children on Earth…

Continue reading →

Allergy to Antibiotics: Symptoms and Implications
At least once in a life almost every person is forced to use antibiotics, because only they effectively treat bacterial infections that are common in modern life. However, some people…

Continue reading →

Tuberculosis is not only a disease of the poor: who risk getting sick
Tuberculosis has been known to mankind since the Stone Age, but even modern society is not immune from this ailment. Today, March 24, World Tuberculosis Day: in Ukraine, the disease…

Continue reading →

Defibrillation: a 10-minute chance to save lives

Defibrillation is the process by which ventricular fibrillation is removed. Fibrillation or ventricular fibrillation is a pathological condition when there are no effective contractions of the heart.
This condition cannot stop at one moment, it is possible only with the help of electrical defibrillation.
Modern Defibrillators
Now devices for intensive care and resuscitation have many possibilities. They use biphasic pulse form. This means that the current passes through the heart twice in a short passage of time. But at the same time, the pulse power is reduced, and the myocardium is less injured. This equipment ensures patient and staff safety.
If earlier defibrillators were heavy stationary equipment, now they are lightweight portable products that can operate on mains, batteries, and even batteries.

The REMA-21 defibrillator monitor provides electropulse therapy during resuscitation and treatment of persistent and sudden cardiac rhythm disturbances. The equipment is ideally suited to the conditions of emergency medical care in the hospital and in the ambulance. The biphasic pulse form is a modern solution that assumes the passage of current through the heart twice in a short time. Due to this, the impulse is less powerful and brings less harm to the myocardium.
What characteristics of a defibrillator make it the best?
Since Paul Probe in 1956 proposed the idea of ​​using electric current to restore heart rate, defibrillators have undergone many changes. For more than half a century, scientific studies and observations have taken place, which help to understand which method of electrical action is the most effective and, at the same time, least traumatic for the tissues of the body.

In particular, in the study of the effects of bipolar-shaped phases of defibrillation impulses on a cardiomyocyte membrane, Russian scientists have identified a certain regularity. If we start from the threshold excitation of the cardiomyocyte membrane according to the Luo-Rudy model, then the most effective impulses are: quasi-sinusoidal stepped, classic quasi-sinusoidal and trapezoidal with a gentle front and a cut.

The study allowed the scientific position to be advanced that the quasi-sinusoidal bipolar pulse form is the “gold standard” of ventricular defibrillation of the heart.
The prevalence of defibrillators in developed countries
In the United States and European countries, special programs are being implemented that provide for the installation of not only medical institutions with automatic defibrillators. They are supposed to be installed in places where there are always a large number of people, in particular, railway stations, schools, concert halls, airports, hotels. The defibrillator with the automatic mode of operation is able to independently track the rhythm of the heart muscle and, if necessary, suggests defibrillation. In order to use such a device, you do not need knowledge of cardiology or professional experience.

Experts from Britain believe that the installation of such equipment can save thousands of lives in the next 10 years. United States airports have introduced a mandatory rule, according to which every plane must have a defibrillator. If not, the plane has no right to land at the airport of America.

Application in Ukraine
Why is defibrillation rate delivery critical?
When the heart stops pumping blood, every cell in the body undergoes oxygen starvation. The brain is particularly affected in this regard. If the cell does not receive oxygen, it dies. Therefore, oxygen starvation can make a healthy person a disabled person of varying severity.

Only 30% of people survive after cardiac arrest. And only 3.5% of people continue their normal lives without serious health problems. It is critically important to provide assistance in the first minutes of cardiac fibrillation. Each subsequent minute reduces the chance of survival by 10%.

What Is Meningococcal Infection? Why is she so dangerous?
Meningococcal disease is potentially fatal, the illness that it provokes is considered in medicine as an emergency. For example, it causes the bacterial form of meningitis, as well as a…

...

Is it necessary to treat herpes: the effect of infection on the human body
How dangerous is herpes, because most people consider it a normal fever on the lips. This infection is very common: 95% of adults and about 50% of children on Earth…

...

Who are Giardia: how to prevent infection
If practically every one of us knows about helminths (worms), then such parasites as Giardia are less known. Giardia are unicellular simple organisms that, when released into the human body,…

...

Prevent adolescent alcoholism
Sad, but on average teenagers begin to use alcohol in 14-15 years. Medical statistics says that girls and girls are starting to play alcohol, and boys are about the same.…

...