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Diagnosis of diseases of the digestive system: when appoint an endoscopy

The most accurate method for diagnosing diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, on the basis of which the doctor can prescribe effective therapy, is endoscopy (gastroscopy). With the help of a specialist the doctor can examine the esophagus, stomach, 12-rectum and find a problem. Many patients over the years suffer from pain in the stomach, suspected of peptic ulcer disease and other ailments, but pass gastroscopy to refuse.Absolutely unfortunate: the procedure is not particularly annoying, it lasts several minutes, but allows the doctor to relieve you of pain and discomfort.

All that is needed from the patient before the examination – do not have breakfast, listen to the doctor and relax as much as possible. During the examination, the doctor will introduce a special optical device through the patient’s mouth – a flexible tube with a small camera at the end. With its help, the specialist will examine in detail the condition of the mucous membrane of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. The image will hit the monitor screen.

Such a procedure will allow you to see exactly changes in the mucous membrane, ulcerative formations, etc., as the physician can increase the “picture” even to the cellular level. No other study of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract will allow this to be done. Gastroscopy can also be designed for the removal of polyps, the treatment of ulcers that bleed on the wall of the mucous membrane, as well as for the biopsy – catch a piece of tissue for laboratory examination on the tumor, determine the level of acidity, infection (helicobacter pylori).

Gastroscopy (another name of this method – esophagogastroduodenoscopy) is carried out with the following complaints:

problems with swallowing;

pain in the stomach, heartburn, blistering;

pain in the upper abdomen, stomach upset, vomiting with blood;

at suspicion of peptic ulcer;

for the exclusion or confirmation of cancerous tumors;

with iron deficiency anemia (anemia) to exclude bleeding in the stomach.

Many people are scared of endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract and they refuse to carry out diagnosis and risk their health. The faster the doctor will be able to detect, for example, gastritis, the sooner you will undergo a course of treatment and avoid the transition of the disease to a severe form. When gastric ulcer disease gastroscopy will help to avoid hospitalization, and in the event of a threat to the development of oncology, the language in general is about life!

It is she who will allow to evaluate the smallest changes in the structure of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. Other diagnostic methods will not do this. At the request of the patient, the doctor uses mild anesthesia, in some cases even anesthesia.

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