Mite encephalitis: How to protect yourself from illness?
Mite encephalitis is an infectious viral disease that affects mainly the central nervous system of a person and is transmitted through bites of ticks. This virus is sensitive to environmental factors and dies in boiling water, at the heat treatment, under the influence of household disinfectants. In the spring, when ticks become most active, and their bites are quite frequent, the risk of infection with tick-borne encephalitis increases significantly. So you have to be very careful while staying in nature.
Symptoms of tick-borne encephalitis
Often, infection with this extremely dangerous disease occurs due to the bite of the tick, but not always. Sometimes the virus enters the human body through the use of raw milk or insufficiently roasted meat of diseased animals. However, people who have been infected with tick-borne encephalitis are not contagious to others.
The cynicism of the disease is that it can occur only 30 days after the tick bite. The patient will experience the following symptoms:
rapid increase in body temperature to 39 ° C;
pain in the whole body, feeling of weakness;
reddening of face and eyes.
Approximately 3-5 days of illness will be signs of damage to the nervous system. They include:
disruption of motor function.
Treatment and prevention of tick-borne encephalitis
The patient should be urgently taken to a hospital, in an infectious department, where he will undergo intensive care. Failure to do so in a timely manner may have extremely serious consequences for the patient, including death. Also, the potential impairment of motor functions, memory impairment, complications from tick-borne encephalitis may leave the person with a disability for life.
Even if the tick is bitten, there is an extremely low probability that it is the source of such a terrible disease. However, nobody is immune from such developments. Therefore, it is very important to prevent tick bites, especially in the spring, when they are most active. When going to a forest, a park, a cottage or a fishing, the following elementary rules should be taken:
To trust things with long sleeves, cuffs, tight fitting to the arm, collar, to give preference to pants in front of shorts. Pants should be dressed better than boots. Do not forget to wear a cap or a scarf on the head, since the head areas covered with hair are the favorite place for ticks.
Use special detoxifying agents for ticks and other insects that can be found in the pharmacy in the form of a spray, ointment, etc.
Stay away from bushes and high grass, because it is there that you can find the largest number of ticks. They do not live in high places.
When you return home after a hike or a picnic, you should carefully inspect yourself and your relatives. Increased attention should be paid to the scalp and the natural folds of the skin (area under the armpits, under the knees, buttocks), because it is there that most often like to suck the mites.
For foresters and other people who stay in the woods for a long time or even live there, a special vaccine for tick-borne encephalitis is provided. The vaccination course consists of three vaccinations, which are held in November, December (in a month) and in March (after 3 months). The last vaccination should be obtained no later than 14 days prior to the beginning of the activity period of the ticks.
If the tick is still absorbed into the skin, after removing it, you can take the insect to the laboratory to find out if it is a carrier of tick-borne encephalitis. Then there is an opportunity to start treatment even before the first manifestations of the disease.
Mite encephalitis is a very serious illness that you can get through your own carelessness. Therefore, in the spring, the basic rules of prophylaxis during staying in nature are of key importance.