What diseases can cause infectious arthritis
Infectious arthritis is a severe illness characterized by joint damage, manifested in severe pain syndrome, edema, fever. In this case, multiple lesions are often affected by several joints. Infectious arthritis occurs at any age: adults often suffer hands or knee joints, children are more likely to be affected by several joints (knee, hip, shoulder).
Causes and symptoms of infectious arthritis
Depending on the method of penetration of the pathogen to the joint, distinguish primary and secondary infectious arthritis. In the first case, the pathogen immediately enters the joint, in another – it is transferred from another cell of the infection together with blood and lymph.
The reasons for the development of infectious arthritis include the following:
chronic form of arthritis of another type (rheumatoid, gouty, etc.);
injuries or surgical operations on the joints;
the use of certain hormonal drugs.
The causes of infectious arthritis can be viral, bacterial or fungal infections. Newborn babies can become infected with this disease from the mother, children under 2 years of age are prone to developing such complications after a transmitted hemophilic infection. Infectious arthritis is often caused by staphylococci and streptococci. Of the viral infections, the most dangerous in this issue are rubella, parotitis, hepatitis B.
Infectious arthritis is manifested as follows:
Sudden symptoms of intoxication: elevated body temperature to 38 ºС, joint pain, muscle, headache, possible nausea and vomiting.
Sharp edema of the affected joint, which gradually increases.
Strong pain during movement, touch to the joints.
Local elevation of the body over the affected joint, it becomes hot to the touch.
Treatment of infectious arthritis
Complications from infectious arthritis are very severe: it can cause a breakdown of articular cartilage and bone tissue quickly, even in 1-2 days, lead to abscesses, septic shock and even death. Also, the consequences of the disease are:
inflammation of soft tissues;
manure formation and distribution by its tendons;
defeat of other joints;
pathological fractures and dislocation of extremities.
So it is a disease that requires a compulsory surgical treatment. Usually, therapy is carried out in the hospital, the patient needs to be restored to the affected joint for up to 1-2 weeks. Typically, medication includes the use of antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In the presence of pus in the cavity of the joint, a surgical operation is required: drainage with the subsequent administration of antibiotics.
If you start treatment in a timely manner, the forecast will be quite optimistic, but the main thing – do not delay the visit to the doctor, because the countdown can go for hours. If the patient has applied for medical help too late, to avoid irreversible changes in the joint and the development of complications will not succeed. After discharge, the patient shows a sufficiently long outpatient treatment, physiotherapy, and physical therapy.
Infectious arthritis is a very serious illness that needs to be treated in a timely manner to eliminate possible consequences until joint destruction or death of the patient.