Is leptospirosis a disease of fishermen and divers?
Ignoring the ban on swimming in some waters, you can get serious diseases. One of these infectious diseases – leptospirosis, it is not in vain that the illness is popularly called the illness of fishermen and divers. At the height of the swimming season, this topic is very relevant. However, leptospirosis can be infected not only by the field of diving or fishing in dirty waters.
What is dangerous leptospirosis and how can they become infected
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease, in which most cases are rats and mice. Also, the bacteria Leptospira (leptospira) infect dogs, cows, pigs and horses. The infection enters the human body through the skin and mucous membranes: bacteria quickly invade the kidneys, adrenal glands, liver and spleen, actively reproducing there. Infection occurs after contact with animal feces, drinking raw milk contaminated with leptospira, water, or after swimming in reservoirs where water stagnates and does not leak – a lake, swamp, pond.
It is especially dangerous to swim in ponds with large, high grass thickets, where rodents often hide. It is in the summer, in extreme heat, that rats and mice run to reservoirs from basements, garbage cans, etc. This disease is insidious in that the first symptoms of leptospirosis are similar to the common cold or ARVI. If a person is engaged in self-treatment and does not consult a doctor, the toxin secreted by leptospirami begins to destroy the blood cells. Therefore, leptospirosis can end in death.
How to suspect leptospirosis: symptoms and signs of infection
From the moment of infection to the onset of the first symptoms of the disease (incubation period), 6-7 days can pass. Then the disease sharply makes itself felt such symptoms:
a sharp increase in body temperature to 39-40 ° C
severe chills, headache, insomnia
loss of appetite, constant thirst
strong muscle pains that make it difficult to move
the face swells, the skin on the neck and chest reddens.
After a week, the average temperature drops, but without appropriate treatment, even after 5–10 days, the disease is even more acute. Even more severe course has the icteric form of the disease, which is complicated by rash, renal failure, pulmonary hemorrhage.
Treatment and prevention of leptospirosis
When the first symptoms of the disease appear, especially if you recently bathed in a pond, you should consult a doctor. Early diagnosed leptospirosis responds well to treatment with antibacterial agents, etc. It is important to differentiate the icteric form from hepatitis, salmonellosis and other infectious diseases. Therefore, a number of diagnostic procedures will be required. In order not to get sick with leptospirosis, you should be more attentive to your health:
wash hands thoroughly with soap after returning from the street, before eating, after contact with animals, etc.
Do not swim on private, wild beaches, especially if it does not meet sanitary standards and there are signs prohibiting bathing
if you live in a private house, it is imperative to carry out deratization (rodent extermination) of basements
thermally process raw meat, milk, etc.